The hunting of whales and dolphins has been a way of life for the Faroese since around 700AD, from the time of the first Norse settlements on the islands. Archaeological data shows pilot whale bones were present in settlements as long as 1,200 years ago. The harsh weather and rugged landscape made it difficult to grow crops and this meant the people relied heavily on whale meat and blubber for food, fuel and general survival.
Today the Faroese still continue to kill pilot whales and Atlantic white-sided dolphins each summer, in a hunt known as the grindadráp.
The Faroese are proud of their heritage and many still consider the grindadráp an important part of their food, culture and history. However, with living standards now equal to other Nordic countries and imported goods readily available in shops, whale meat is no longer a necessary or essential food source.
Contamination of whale meat and blubber with toxic chemicals, such as mercury and cadmium has led to the Faroese Government issuing guidelines in 2011. These recommend only one meal of whale meat and blubber per month, with a special recommendation that young women and girls, pregnant women and breastfeeding mothers should avoid it completely. See 2011 Government reccomendations by clicking here.